Children’s Day is celebrated in various days around the world. Children’s Celebration Day was first begun on the second Sunday of June in 1856 by the Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts. At that time Dr. Leonard named the day Rose Day, though it was later named Flower Sunday, and later Children’s Day.
Children’s Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1929 with the observation date 23 April. Children’s Day has been celebrated nationally since 1923 with the government and the newspapers of the time declaring it a day for the children. However, it was decided that an official declaration was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official declaration was made nationally in 1931 by the founder and the then President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
The International Day for Protection of Children is observed in many countries as Children’s Day on 1 June since 1950. It was established by the Women’s International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (4 November 1949).
Universal Children’s Day takes place annually on 20 November by United Nations recommendation. First proclaimed by the United Kingdom in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world’s children. Now major global variants of Children’s Days are observed on 20 November.
Related to: Mother’s Day